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সোমবার  । ১২ আশ্বিন ১৪২৮। ২৭ সেপ্টেম্বর ২০২১। ১৯ সফর ১৪৪৩

M o d i f i e r

এইচএসসি প্রস্তুতি - ইংরেজি দ্বিতীয় পত্র

সুমন ভূইয়া, সহকারী শিক্ষক, সামসুল হক খান স্কুল অ্যান্ড কলেজ, ডেমরা, ঢাকা

২ আগস্ট, ২০২১ ০০:০০ | পড়া যাবে ৫ মিনিটে



Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces. 

     0.5×10 = 5

1.            Nelson Mandela (a) — (post modify the noun with appositive), is one of the greatest leaders of the world, no doubt. During (b) — (use article to pre-modify the noun) time of Mandela, the Europeans were separated from the non-Europeans. It was (c) — (use noun-adjective to pre-modify the noun) policy of racial segregation. The blacks were subjected to (d) — (use quantifier to pre-modify the noun) sorts of indignities. They were denied all basic (e) — (use adjective to pre-modify the noun) rights. They were in fact aliens in (f) — (use possessive) own country. The blacks were also treated (g) — (use adverb to post-modify the verb). Even dogs received a much better treatment than the blacks. The (h) — (use an adjective pre-modify the noun) leader vowed to put an end to the inhuman practice. Unfortunately, (i) — (use demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) great man thrown behind the prison bars. But the oppressive rulers could not break his spirit. All his life he struggled against apartheid. Eventually, the great leader fulfilled the goal of liberating (j) — (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) people.    

 

2.            Female education is (a) — (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) essential for the overall development of a nation. (b) — (use a participle to pre-modify), no nation can prosper. But most of the women are lagging (c) — (post-modify the noun) in education. Without female education, our (d) — (pre-modify the noun) development is not possible. Women need to be educated for (e) — (pre-modify the noun) reasons. To be a conscious citizen of the country, to be an active member of the family and society, to be a good mother or wife and to lead a self reliant better life, a woman should be educated (f) — (post-modify the verb). An (g) — (pre-modify the noun) woman is conscious of her duties, rights and responsibilities. So, we should take every necessary step (h) — (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb) our female force. An educated woman can bring up her children (i) — (post-modify the verb). Napoleon says “Give me an educated mother and I will give you an (j) — (pre-modify the noun) nation.”

 

3.            One day Robert Bruce, (a) — (post-modify the noun with an appositive), was lying in the cave. He was thinking of (b) — (Use possessive to pre-modify the noun) misfortune. He thought that he would not be able (c) — (Use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb). Suddenly he saw a spider (d) — (post-modify the verb with a prepositional phrase/an adverbial of place). The spider was trying to reach (e) — (Use article to pre-modify the noun) ceiling of the cave. It almost got to the point (f) — (Use quantifier to pre-modify the noun) times, but fell down at the last moment. It did not lose hope. It was trying (g) — (post-modify the verb with an adverb). On the seventh attempt it reached the ceiling. Robert Bruce became very much amazed (h) — (Use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb) the success of the spider. He felt encouraged and came out of the cave and began to gather soldiers again. He remembered the small spider and prepared (i) — (post-modify the verb with an adverb) for the battle. He fought hard with the English and (j) — (Use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) time, he came out successful. Strong will and perseverance made Robert Bruce the king of Scotland again.

 

                Answer

 

1.            (a) a black president

                (b) the

                (c) Government

                (d) all  

                (e) human

                (f) their  

                (g) inhumanly

                (h) great             

                (i) this

                (j) his

 

2.            (a) very

                (b) Keeping women uneducated

                (c) behind     (d) overall (e) many    

                (f) properly

                (g) educated     

                (h) to upgrade

                (i) properly

                (j) educated

 

3.            (a) a king of Scotland (b) his

                (c) to regain his kingdom

                (d) climbing to the ceiling

                (e) the

                (f) some

                (g) hard              

                (h) to see

                (i) well                

                (j) that