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M o d i f i e r

এইচএসসি প্রস্তুতি - ইংরেজি দ্বিতীয় পত্র

সুমন ভূইয়া, সহকারী শিক্ষক, সামসুল হক খান স্কুল অ্যান্ড কলেজ, ডেমরা, ঢাকা

৩ আগস্ট, ২০২১ ০০:০০ | পড়া যাবে ১০ মিনিটে



Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces. 

     0.5×10 = 5

[পূর্ব প্রকাশের পর ]

4.            There is a proverb that time and tide wait for none. Time passes on very (a) — (Use adverb to post-modify the verb). No one can stop (b) — (Use possessive to pre-modify the noun) on word march for a moment. So, we must understand (c) — (Use article to pre-modify the noun) value of it. Lost money can be regained by (d) — (Use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) work. Lost health can be recovered by medicine and improved diet. But lost time can (e) — (Pre-modify the verb with an adverb) be called back. So, time is very much important (f) — (Post-modify the verb with prepositional phrase). Success in life depends on the proper use of time. So, we should make a (g) — (Use an adjective phrase to post-modify the noun) division of our time and try (h) — (Use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb) our work accordingly. (i) — (Use possessive to pre-modify the noun) life is very short. We must utilize (j) — (Use determiner to pre-modify the noun phrase) second of our life to make it successful and meaningful.

 

5.            Arsenic is a (a) — (pre-modify the noun) substance. It is (b) — (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) dangerous for human health. (c) — (use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) substance is found in the water of the tube well. There are (d) — (pre-modify the noun) villages in our country. Most of our (e) — (use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) people drink tube well water. At present, they are passing their days (f) — (use a participle to post-modify the verb). (g) — (use a participle to pre-modify the verb) people suffer from different kinds of problems. This problem is (h) — (pre-modify the verb) found in North Bengal. We should take a serious measure (i) — (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb) which produce contaminate water. Government is trying to identify the tube wells (j) — red (post-modify the verb).             

 

6.            A (a) — (Pre-modify the noun) fire broke out (b) — (Post-modify the verb) at Mirpur Bazar under Titas Upzila of Comilla district. According to (c) — (Pre-modify the noun) sources, the fire originated from electric short circuit in a shop. It (d) — (Pre-modify the verb) engulfed the other adjoining shops. (e) — (Use a participle phrase to post-modify the verb), the people from the (f) — (Pre-modify the noun) village rushed to the spot to put out the fire. But the severity of the fire was (g) — (Use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) high that they failed (h) — (Use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb). Later, the fire brigade came to the spot and after making (i) — (Pre-modify the noun) efforts for three hours managed to extinguish the fire. But, by that time, the shops with all their belongings were (j) — (Pre-modify the verb) destroyed. 

 

7.            On the occasion of the annual prize giving ceremony our college was decorated with colorful flags, balloons etc. The college stage situated beside the garden got (a) — (use article to pre-modify the noun) unique look with colorful cloths and a (b) — (use adjective to pre-modify the noun phrase) sitting arrangement. All the invited guests took their (c) — (use adjective to pre-modify the noun) chairs. After the arrival of the (d) — (use an adjective to pre-modify the noun phrase) guest, the function started at 3 pm with the recitation from the holy Quran. Our Principal, (e) — (post-modify the noun with an appositive), presided over the function. After (f) — (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) presentation of the annual report, an enjoyable cultural function was held. Then the chief guest made a short but valuable speech. The audiences listened to it (g) — (use adverb to post-modify the verb). Then the prizes were given to the brilliant students and those who gained top (h) — (use quantifier to pre-modify the noun) positions in different (i) — (use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) events and cultural competitions. At last the Principal thanked all to make (j) — (use demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) function successful.  

 

8.            Bangladesh is crisscrossed with hundreds of rivers. (a) — (use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) rivers are the gift of Almighty Creator. They play a very important role in our (b) — (pre-modify the noun) economy. There are hundreds of big and small rivers in (c) — (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) country. The big rivers flow (d) — (use adverbial phrase to post-modify the verb) but small ones flow only during the rainy season. Our rivers are of great use and importance to us. They are (e) — (pre-modify the verb) related to our economy and prosperity of our country. These rivers are sources of communications, wealth and property, energy and fish. All the rivers play a (f) — (pre-modify the noun) role in our (g) — (use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) system. We use boats, launches, steamers to carry our goods from one place to another. (h) — (use infinitive to pre-modify the noun) goods through river way is cheaper and easier than by land in our country. Moreover, people (i) — (use present participle to post-modify the noun) by the riverside can earn their livelihood by catching fish. The silt (j) — (use past participle to post-modify the noun) by the river water increases the fertility of our agricultural land.

 

9.            A (a) — (pre-modify the noun with a noun adjective) morning is misty and cold. There is dense fog (b) — (post-modify the verb). The sun rises (c) — (post-modify verb) in the morning. People wear (d) — (pre-modify the noun) clothes. They get comforts (e) — (post-modify the verb with an infinitive) in the sun. Those who don’t have clothes suffer from (f) — (pre-modify the noun) cold. Sometimes, the fog is so dense, even things at a distance can (g) — (pre-modify the verb) be seen. People like (h) — (post-modify the verb with infinitive) indoors. The fog disperses when the sun rises up. Dew drops (i) — (post-modify the noun with a prepositional phrase) look like pearls. Rural people gather around the fire (j) — (post-modify the verb with an infinitive phrase).

 

10.          Rafiz is (a) — (use determiner to pre modify the noun phrase) ideal student. He prepares (b) — (use possessive to pre modify the noun) lessons in collaboration with his teachers. He does (c) — (post modify the verb) in every examination as he does not waste time. He knows time once lost is lost for ever. So, he utilizes every moment. During his free time he goes to his native village. He teaches (d) — (pre modify the noun) people. He wants (e) — (use an infinitive phrase to post modify the verb) illiteracy from his village. (f) — (use present participle to pre modify the verb) illiteracy from his village, he wants to bring about massive development there. He is (g) — (use an intensifier to pre modify the adjective) devoted to God. He says prayer (h) — (use quantifier to pre modify the noun) times a day. He never tells a lie. He respects his parents very much. Other superiors are also respected by him. His father, (i) — (post modify the noun phrase with an appositive) supports him cordially. His mother, an ideal housewife, (j) — (pre modify the verb) supports him very much. Such a student like Rafiz is rarely found nowadays.

 

Answer

4.            (a) rapidly          (b) its

                (c) the                  (d) hard

                (e) never            

                (f) in our life

                (g) proper                          (h) to do (i) Our                              (j) every

 

5.            (a) poisonous

                (b) very               (c) This

                (d) many

                (e) rural/village

                (f) suffering from arsenicosis

                (g) Attacked with arsenicosis

                (h) mainly

                (i) to identify the materials

                (j) colouring

 

6.            (a) massive

                (b) recently

                (c) reliable         (d) also  

                (e) Seeing this

                (f) nearby           (g) so

                (h) to put out

                (i) several           (j) totally

 

7.            (a) a      (b) fine

                (c) own               (d) chief

                (e) a kind man

                (f) his  

                (g) attentively

                (h) most              (i) college (j) that

 

8.            (a) These            (b) national (c) our

                (d) all the year round (e) closely             (f) vital

                (g) economic

                (h) To carry

                (i) living              (j) left

 

9.            (a) winter

                (b) all around

                (c) late                 (d) warm

                (e) to bask          (f) biting

                (g) hardly           (h) to keep (i) falling on the grass (j) to warm themselves

 

10.          (a) an    (b) his

                (c) well

                (d) the elderly

                (e) to remove

                (f) Removing

                (g) very               (h) five

                (i) a school teacher

                (j) also



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