kalerkantho

শুক্রবার । ১৫ শ্রাবণ ১৪২৮। ৩০ জুলাই ২০২১। ১৯ জিলহজ ১৪৪২

এসএসসি প্রস্তুতি : ইংরেজি দ্বিতীয় পত্র

মো. মশিউর রহমান খান, সিনিয়র সহকারী শিক্ষক, ন্যাশনাল আইডিয়াল স্কুল অ্যান্ড কলেজ, বনশ্রী ক্যাম্পাস, ঢাকা

২৩ জুন, ২০২১ ০০:০০ | পড়া যাবে ৪ মিনিটে



এসএসসি প্রস্তুতি : ইংরেজি দ্বিতীয় পত্র

C o n d i t i o n a l s

    

            Completing Sentence-এর জন্য বিশেষ অংশ হলো Conditionals|

     আজকে এর Structures-সহ বিশেষ কিছু ব্যবহার তুলে ধরা হলো।    আমরা জানি, Conditionals তিন প্রকার। যথা—

            1. First Conditional

            2. Second Conditional

            3. Third Conditional

     আবার, Zero Conditonalও   দেখতে পাই।

            Conditional-এর সাধারণ গঠন 

            If/provided+ dependent clause অপরটি হলো Principal বা Main Clause.

 

            Structure (first Conditional)

            If/ Provided +present tense+ sub+ will + verb এর present form+Obj+ extension.

 

            Example  

i.          If you study the education page of the daily Kaler Kantho, You will learn many important grammars.

ii.         Provided  he studies seriously, he will have GPA 5.

iii.        If we maintain the rules of WHO, we will become safe from Corona virus.

iv.        Provided They play well, They will win the match.

v.         If you work hard you will shine in life.

 

            Structure (Second conditional) 

            If / provided + past form of verb + 0bj+ Sub+ would /could/ might +Verb এর  present form+ obj+ extension +.

            Example

i.          If you did the work, you would be successful.

ii.         Provided she danced nicely she would achieve the first position.

iii.        provided I saw him I would call him.

iv.        If i had enough time I might go there.

V.        If you wanted to come here I would wait there.

 

            Structure (Third Conditionals)

            If / provided + sub had +verb এর past participle form + Sub + would /could/ might +have+ verb এর P.P form + obj+ extension +.

            Example

i.          If you had studied a lot you would have got GPA 5

ii.         If Tarek had come here he would have seen the accident.

iii.        Provided I had been the prime minister of Bangladesh I might have helded the poor.

iv.        Provided Kamal had done his duty he could have achieved the best position.

v.         If They had formed a good  unity they would have won the competition.

 

            Structure (zero Conditional)

            If + sub + verb এর present form +obj+ sub + can / may + verb Gi present form+ obj+.

 

            Example

i.          If you wish you can do it

ii.         If you think you may take this opportunity.

           

            Structure (Mixed Conditonal)

            If + sub+ will /would + verb এর present form+ sub +shall+ verb এর present form + obj+ extension.

            Example

i.          If you would help me I shall be highly grateful to you.

ii.         If you would like to come I will wait for you.

 

            Do yourself

i.          If I saw him ..............

ii.         If you waited here ................

ii.         Provided you read the daily kaler kantho .....................

iv.        If I had had enough money .............

v.         You will make a good  result if ....................

vi.        If I had lot of money .............

vii.       ...................... if want to catch the train

viii. If you had made the history ...........

ix.        If I were a bird ...........   

x.         He would have gone to England .........