G r a m m a r
1. Read the text below and fill in the gaps with the root words in the brackets adding suitable suffix, prefix or both.
Patriotism means love for one’s own county and people. It is a powerful sentiment and is an (a) _ (selfish) and noble virtue. A true patriot is a great asset for a nation. His (b) _ (ideal) gives him courage and strength. It (c) _ (courage) him to sacrifice his life for the sake of (d) _ (free) and honour of his country. By (e) _ (be) a patriot, one can bring (f) _ (prosper) for one’s country and remove his/ her sufferings. But false (g) _ (patriot) expression is dangerous and (h) _ (disaster). Patriotism is (i) _ (price) but it must not supersede the feeling of (j) _ (universe) love for humanity.
2. Fill in the gaps of the following text with appropriate articles (a, an or the). Put a cross (×) where no article is used.
(a) _ first and foremost duty of (b) _ student is to prosecute his studies with great care. Secondly, he should abide by (c) _ rules of health. He should take physical exercise regularly because physical exercise ensures (d) _ healthy mind in (e) _ healthy body. Next, he has some duties to his parents and to his superiors. Again, (f) _ student should develop (g) _ habit of helping others. All our qualities are (h) _ result of our habits formed in our early life. The future of (i) _ nation depends on what (j) _ students are doing today.
3. Change the following sentences as directed in the brackets.
(a) The Taj is a wonderful building in the world. (Exclamatory)
(b) Emperor Shahjahan built the Taj as a tomb for his wife. (Interrogative)
(c) He loved his wife very much. (Negative)
(d) People like it most on a moonlit night. (Passive)
(e) It is surrounded by a beautiful garden.(Active)
1. (a) unselfish
2. (a) The (b) a
(c) the (d) a
(e) a (f) a
(g) the (h) the
(i) a (j) the.
3. (a) What a wonderful building in the world the Taj is!
(b) Didn’t Emperor Shahjahan build the Taj as a tomb for his wife?
(c) He didn’t hate his wife at all.
(d) It is liked most on a moonlit night by people.
(e) A beautiful garden surrounds it.