R e a d i n g T e s t
Part : A
1. Read the passage and answer the questions A & B.
Beauty is easy to appreciate but difficult to define. As we look around, we discover beauty in pleasurable objects and sights-in nature, in the laughter of children, in the kindness of strangers. But asked to define, we run into difficulties. Does beauty have an independent objective identity? Is it universal, or is it dependent on our sense perceptions? Does it lie in the eye of the beholder? - we ask ourselves. A further difficulty arises when beauty manifests itself not only by its presence, but by its absence as well, as when we are repulsed by ugliness and desire beauty. But then ugliness has as much a place in our lives as beauty, or may be more-as when there is widespread hunger and injustice in a society. Philosophers have told us that beauty is an important part of life, but isn’t ugliness a part of life too? And if art has beauty as an important ingredient, can it confine itself only to a projection of beauty? Can art ignore what is not beautiful? Poets and artists have provided an answer by incorporating both into their work. In doing so, they have often tied beauty to truth and justice, so that what is not beautiful assumes a tolerable proportion as something that represents some truth about life. John Keats, the romantic poet, wrote in his celebrated ‘Ode on a Grecian Urn’ ‘Beauty is truth, truth beauty,’ by which he means that truth, even if It’s not pleasant, becomes beautiful at a higher level. Similarly, what is beautiful forever remains true. Another meaning, in the context of the Grecian Urn-an art object-is that truth is a condition of art. Poetry in every language celebrates beauty and truth. So does art.
A. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives. 1×5=5
(a) Like beauty, art —.
i) ignores poetry ii) celebrates poetry iii) helps men to write poem
iv) helps us to understand poem
(b) The word ‘confine’ refers to —.
i) to bound ii) to disappear
iii) to appear iv) to limit
(c) The word ‘repulsed’ stands for —.
i) disguised ii) ignored
iii) attracted iv) regarded
(d) Who is the writer of the celebrated poem ‘Ode on a Grecian Urn’?
i) Shakespeare ii) Browning
iii) Wordsworth iv) John Keats
(e) Ugliness is an — part in human life?
i) indefinite ii) inseparable
iii) inner iv) indivisible
B. Answer the following questions.
(a) How do poets and artists provide answer about the questions on how to define beauty?
(b) ‘Beauty is thruth, truth beauty.’ Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Give reasons.
(c) Is ugliness a part of life? If so, how?
(d) When does an unpleasant truth become beautiful?
(e) What is the relation between ugliness and beauty?
2. Read the passage and complete the table below with the given information.
Putting men on Mars has been an idea in science fiction for quite a while. However, when man first walked on the Moon, walking on Mars suddenly seemed feasible. A manned mission to Mars would be a huge milestone in space exploration. It would allow a more in-depth study of the Red Planet and many have argued that building a permanent base on Mars is much more practical than building one on the Moon. A mission to Mars would be similar to the Moon landings, but much more difficult. The trip is about a hundred times longer and there are new problems such as the Martian weather which must be considered. NASA currently has plans to have a man on Mars sometime in the 2030s, while the ESA plans to do so also around the same time. Russia has plans to launch a manned Mars mission by 2020.
3. Summarize the following text. 10
While many alternatives to fossil fuels have been investigated, there is still quite a way to go before mankind’s energy supply is completely renewable. As of today, about 85% of all energy comes from fossil fuels. The reason clean energy is considered to be important is because fossil fuels aren’t expected to last much longer, they pollute the environment, and they have led to tensions between nations. The reason clean energy is hard to come by is that we’ve spent the past 150 years dependent on oil, and it’s quite difficult to make the switch. Some have been suggested that the technology for producing vast amounts of clean energy already exists but is being suppressed by big oil companies. However, several European countries have produced considerable amounts of clean energy. Current methods of clean energy include wind, solar, geothermal, tidal, hydropower, nuclear and biofuel.
1.(A). (a) (ii) celebrates poetry
(b) (iv) to limit (c) (ii) ignored
(d) (iv) John Keats (v) (ii) inseparable
(B). (a) Beauty is appreciated easily but to define beauty is not easy. When poets and artists try to define beauty, some questions arise in their mind. To provide an answer for their questions, they incorporate beauty and ugliness into their work. They often tie beauty to truth and justice and on the other hand, they try to represent some truth about life from what is not
beautiful in life.
(b) Yes. I agree with the idea in the verse, ‘Beauty is truth, truth beauty’, of John Keats poem, ‘Ode on a Grecian Urn’. Because, through this verse, the poet wants to mean that truth, even if it is not pleasant, becomes beautiful at a higher level. Similarly, what is beautiful remains true forever. Here, in the context of the Grecian Urn, it is said that truth is a condition of art. Broadly speaking, it is asserted that beauty and truth are interrelated to each other.
(c) Yes, ugliness is certainly a part of life. There cannot be a life without ugliness. Sufferings, miseries, frustrations and disapprovals are the integral parts of our lives.
(d) An unpleasant truth become beautiful at a higher level.
(e) Ugliness and beauty are inseparably related to each other. The absence of beauty and ugliness help us recognize what is beautiful as dark helps us to perceive what is light.
2. (i) has been a dream
(ii) in science fiction
(iii) walking on Mars
(iv) After men’s first walking on the moon (v) would be
(vi) a great success
(vii) A manned mission to Mars
(viii) a study of the red planet
(ix) is much more feasible
3. Fossil fuels, from where 85% of the energy come, are expected to pollute environment. Clean energy is hard to find because we spent the past 150 years depending on oil. Current methods of clean energy include wind, solar, geothermal, hydropower and biofuel.