Read the text and answer questions 1 and 2.
Thousands of years ago, the first pearl was probably discovered while human beings were searching for food at the seashore. Throughout history, the pearl with its shine has been one of the most highly valued gems.
Pearls have been mentioned many times in religious texts and mythologies from the earliest times. The ancient Egyptians valued pearls so much that they were buried with them. It is said that the famous queen of Egypt, Cleopatra would dissolve a pearl in a glass and drink it as a sign of love and respect for the entire nation.
The Greeks thought of pearls as a sign of wealth and social position. The beauty of pearls was associated with love and marriage.
In ancient Rome, pearls were considered the greatest sign of wealth and social status.
At that time the young women of noble families loved to wear beautiful pearl necklaces. The brave knights used to wear them in the battles for good luck.
Key words meaning :
Probably - mÁ¿eZ
Mythology - ˆcŒivwYK Kvwnwb
Throughout history - BwZnvmRyGo
Dissolve - MwjGq ˆ`Iqv
Social status - mvgvwRK ghvÆ`v
1. Choose the correct answer to each question from the alternatives given and write the corresponding number of the answers in your answer script. 1×7=7
a) The word ‘mythology’ of the text means-
(i) Love of God (ii) superstitions
(iii) Science of logic (iv) a collection of traditional stories which contains a belief
b) Pearl was discovered when people searched for-
c) The verb form of ‘beautiful’ is-
d) The brave knights used to wear them in the battles for good luck. Here ‘knights’ refers to the-
e) The Greeks thought the pearls as a sign of-
(i) Wealth and social position
(iii) respect for the nation
(iv) good luck
f) In ancient times, human beings used to search-
(i) For food
g) The young women of—— loved to wear pearl necklace,
2. Answer the following questions from your reading of the above text. 2×4= 8
(a) Why is pearl one of the most valuable gems?
(b) What is said about Cleopatra in mythology?
(c) What did the Egyptians do with the dead?
(d) Do you think ‘pearls’ were discovered by accident? Why/ Why not?
3. Read the following text and fill in the gaps with appropriate works to make it a meaningful one. 1×5=5
The ethnic people in Bangladesh (a) ¾ a very important (b) ¾ in the culture of the country. They do (c) ¾ cultivation. They speak their (d) ¾ mother tongues. (e) ¾ religion they are Hindus, Christians and Buddhists.
1. (a) (iv) a collection of traditional stories which contains a belief
(b) (iv) food
(c) (i) beautify
(d) (iv) warrior
(e) (i) wealth and social position
(f) (i) for food
(g) (ii) Rome
2. (a) Pearl is one of the most valuable gems due to its shine.
(b) It is said about the great queen of Egypt Cleopatra that she used to dissolve a pearl in a glass and drink it as a sign of love and respect for the entire nation.
(c) The Egyptians buried the dead with pearls.
(d) Yes, I think pearls were discovered by accident. Thousands of years ago, the first pearl was probably discovered by accident while human beings were searching for food at the seashore.
3. (a) hold (b) place
(c) Jhum (d) own