Part A : Grammar
1. Fill in the blanks in the following text with articles (a/an/the) as necessary. Some of the blanks may not require an article. Put a cross (´) in those blanks. 0.5x10=5
Bangladesh is (a) _ over populated country. Population problem is (b) _ burning question of Bangladesh. Though (c) _ population of (d) _ country is (e) _ asset, it has already become (f) _ great problem in our country because (g) _ country cannot afford to give (h) _ people the basic necessaries of (i) _ life equally to all. So we should try to make the equity among all by controlling (j) _ population.
2. Complete the text with suitable prepositions.
Bayazid’s mother was sleeping (a) _ her bed. He was reading sitting (b) _ her bed. Suddenly she woke (c) _. She told him to give her a glass (d) _ water. He stood (e) _ from his seat. He went to the jar to fetch water. But there was no water in the jar. The whole locality was (f) _ deep sleep. He went (g) _ of the house and looked (h) _ water but in vain. He remembered the fountain. The fountain was at the other side of the locality. He made (i) _ his mind to go there. He went to the fountain with a jar. He filled the jar (j) _ water and returned home. But he found his mother lost in deep sleep.
3. Complete the sentences with suitable phrase/ words given in the box. 0.5x10=5
(a) The news that she failed in the exam shocked her. _ she heard the sad news than she burst into tears.
(b) Yesterday he stumbled down on the road. Today he is walking very carefully _ he should fall down again.
(c) Ripon is not a strong man. He cannot walk one mile at a stretch _ three miles.
(d) Please remember that I can’t do the work alone. I will do every work _ you assist me.
(e) _ goes the proverb, ‘United we stand, divided we fall’. Unless we are united, we cannot succeed.
(f) She _ work in a ship. Now she works in a bank.
(g) He is a very weak student, but he never realizes it. He speaks _ he were a brilliant student.
(h) It is very cold today. You will be sick _ you put on warm clothes.
(i) William Wordsworth was the second of his father’s five sons. He _ at Cumberland on April 4, 1770.
(j) We are destroying our rivers by throwing different kinds of waste materials and polluting their water. _ we stopped throwing waste materials directly into the river.
4. Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/ phrases. 0.5x10=5
(a) Once a farmer had a goose who used to lay a golden egg everyday. He became so greedy that _ .
(b) Once there was a farmer who was very idle. Though he had a few pieces of lands, _.
(c) There was an old farmer who had four sons. Though the sons were grown up, _.
(d) so disobedient that they always quarrelled among themselves _, but they didn’t pay any heed to him.
(e) Robert Bruce was a very brave man. He fought against the British soldiers so that _.
(f) Robert Bruce fought six battles one after another, _.
(g) When Robert Bruce was dethroned, he took a shelter in a cave. One day he found a spider which _.
(h) It was a hot summer day when a crow was very thirsty. It wanted to drink, _.
(i) He is a regular student. He reads attentively so that _.
(j) Neighbours are those persons who live adjacent to us. As man cannot live alone, _.
5. Read the text and fill the gaps with the correct form of verbs as per subject and context.
Time and tide (a) _ (wait) for none. It (b) _ (go) on and on. It not (c) _ (take) any rest. It is never constant. Time once gone is gone for ever. Lost health may be (d) _ (regain) by medicine and proper caring and nursing, lost wealth by dint of hard labour but lost time cannot be (e) _ (recover) by any means because nobody (f) _ (stop) the ceaseless onward march of time. Success in life (g) _ (depend) on the best use of time. If we (h) _ (make) a proper division of our time and (i) _ (do) our duties accordingly, we are sure that we would be able to march in life and (j) _ (reach) the cherished goal of our life.
6. Read the text and change the sentences as directed. 1x5=5
(a) Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries in the world. (positive)
(b) But it is not as poor as Ethiopia. (comparative)
(c) The poor people lead a miserable life. (complex)
(d) They cannot send their children to school because they are poor. (simple)
(e) It’s a great pity. (exclamatory)
7. Change the narrative style by using indirect speeches. 5
The teacher said to the boy, ‘Why did you make a noise in the class? You are not attentive to your lessons.’ ‘Sorry, sir’ said the boy. ‘I was asking for a pen to my friend’. The teacher said, ‘Be attentive and listen to me carefully.’
8. Identify the unclear pronoun references in the following paragraph. Where necessary, rewrite the passage so that all pronoun references are clear. 1x5=5
Long ago there lived a hare in a forest. He was always proud of his speed. A tortoise also lived nearby. He always teased him for his slow speed. This made the tortoise very angry and he said, ‘He can run fast, no doubt. But I think you can talk even faster than you can run.’ Then the tortoise proposed to run a race with the hare. The hare gladly accepted it. They both went to a fox and asked him to be the judge of their race. The fox agreed. Other beasts of the forest were also invited. On the appointed day, they met a cross road. He read out some rules to be followed by both of them. The destination of the race was also marked. Finally, the race began.
9. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces. 0.5x10=5
Most of the people in (a) _ (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) country do not know the importance of English, (b) _ (post-modify the noun with an appositive). In fact, it is an (c) _ (use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) language and we are living in a global village. So, if you know English (d) _ (post-modify the verb with an adverb), you can communicate with (e) _ (use article to pre-modify the noun phrase) rest of the world. It is surely an important element of your (f) _ (use a noun-adjective to pre-modify the noun) skill. Without the knowledge of English, you cannot complete (g) _ (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) higher studies because most of the books are written in English. Poor knowledge of English will also hamper your (h) _ (use a noun-adjective to pre-modify the noun) development. In short, if you do not have a good command over English, you will suffer (i) _ (post-modify the verb with prepositional phrase/adverbial) of your life. So, don’t waste your time and try to learn English (j) _ (post-modify the verb with an adverb) from today.
10. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage.0.5x10=5
Bangladesh is mainly an agricultural country. (a) _, her economy and prosperity depend on agriculture. (b) _, our agriculture depends on the mercy of nature. (c) _, if there is sufficient rain, people can plough their lands and sow seeds in time. (d) _, they can reap a good harvest. (e) _, if it does not rain in time, the farmers cannot grow the corps easily and they do not have good harvest. (f) _, without water our agriculture is lifeless. The rain is not always beneficial to our agriculture. (g) _ , sometimes it rains so much that it causes floods. (h) _, our crops go under water and most often, they are totally destroyed. (i) _, the farmers who constitute the most part of our professional people, lose everything. (j) _, we can safely conclude that our economy depends on rain.
1. (a) an; (b) a; (c) the; (d) a; (e) an; (f) a; (g) the; (h) the; (i) ´; (j) ´.
2. (a) in; (b) by; (c) up; (d) of; (e) up; (f) in; (g) out; (h) for; (i) up; (j) with.
3. (a) No sooner had; (b) lest; (c) let alone; (d) provided; (e) There; (f) used to; (g) as if; (h) unless; (i) was born; (j) It is high time.
4. (a) He became so greedy that he cut the belly of the goose to get all the eggs at a time.
(b) Though he had a few pieces of lands, he did not cultivate those properly.
(c) Though the sons were grown up, they always quarrelled among themselves.
(d) The sons were so disobedient that they always quarrelled among themselves although their father forbade them to quarrel among themselves, but they didn’t pay any heed to him.
(e) He fought against the British soldiers so that he could regain his lost kingdom.
(f) Robert Bruce fought six battles one after another, but every time he failed.
(g) One day he found a spider which was trying to reach the ceiling.
(h) It wanted to drink, but could not find water anywhere.
(i) He reads attentively so that he can do well in the exam.
(j) As man cannot live alone, he forms society.
5. (a) wait; (b) goes;
(c) does not take;
(d) regained; (e) recovered; (f) can stop; (g) depends; (h) make; (i) do; (j) reach.
6. (a) Very few countries in the world are as poor as Bangladesh.
(b) But Ethiopia is poorer than it.
(c) The poor people lead a life which is miserable.
(d) They cannot send their children to school because of poverty.
(e) What a pity it is!
7. The teacher asked the boy why he (B) had made a noise in the class and added that he (B) was not attentive to his lessons. The boy apologised at this and added that he (B) had been asking for a pen to his friend. Then the teacher advised him to be attentive and listen to him (T) carefully.
8. Long ago there lived a hare in a forest. He was always proud of his speed. A tortoise also lived nearby. The hare always teased him for his slow speed. The teasing of the hare made the tortoise very angry and he said, ‘You can run fast, no doubt. But I think you can talk even faster than you can run.’ Then the tortoise proposed to run a race with the hare. The hare gladly accepted the proposal. They both went to a fox and asked him to be the judge of their race. The fox agreed. Other beasts of the forest were also invited. On the appointed day, they met a cross road. The fox read out some rules to be followed by both of them. The destination of the race was also marked. Finally, the race began.
9. (a) our; (b) the most important language in the world; (c) international;
(d) well; (e) the;
(g) your; (h) career; (i) in every step; (j) attentively.
10. (a) And; (b) Again;
(c) For example; (d) As a result; (e) On the contrary; (f) Therefore; (g) For example; (h) As a result;