Part-A : Grammar
1. Fill in the blanks in the following text with articles (a/an/the) as necessary. Some of the blanks may not require an article. Put a cross (×) in those blanks.
Every student wants to do better in (a) — examination. But it is not (b) — easy work. (c) — student has to do something for this. From (d) — very beginning he must be serious. He should read (e) — texts again and again. He must not memorize (f) — answer without knowing the meaning. He must not make notes from (g) — common source. He should have a good (h) — command over English. By doing all these things (i) —student can hope to make a good (j) — result.
2. Complete the text with suitable prepositions.
Greenhouse effect is the gradual warming (a) — the air surrounding the earth as a result of heat being trapped (b) — environment pollution. This is exemplified (c) — the destruction and burning (d) — of tropical rain forests, (e) — traffic that clogs (f) — city streets, (g) — the rapid growth of industry, the use of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), (h) — packaging and manufacturing commercial products, the use of detergents like washing (i) — liquids and so (j) —.
3. Complete the sentences with suitable phrases or words given in the box.
was born would you mind there
would rather what —— look like
as if let alone had better have to as soon as
(a) He cannot tell my name, — my address. He is lying.
(b) The Bangladeshi cricketers have done well in the World Cup. They — struggle more to win the World Cup.
(c) — does the earth — ? It’s not completely round.
(d) I — walk than get on the bus. This time the bus is very crowded.
(e) — I reached the station, the train left. Really I was lucky.
(f) Dr. Muhammad Shahidullah was a great linguist. He — in 1885 A.D.
(g) He acts, — he were rich. So nobody likes him.
(h) You look sick. You — go home immediately.
(i) — was a boy at the door. He wanted to talk to me.
(j) — eating sea fish? I think you will enjoy a lot.
4. Complete the sentences using suitable clauses/phrases.
(a) Trees are essential for our existence. So, we should —.
(b) English is an international language. — you cannot get a good job.
(c) Corruption is an obstacle to our national development. It is high time —.
(d) My childhood was full of joys and happiness. I wish —.
(e) Mobile phone is a wonder of modern science. But —.
(f) He cannot run the business. So, he should —.
(g) He confessed that —. So, I forgave him.
(h) The students could not memorize the poem. It was too difficult —.
(i) Since there was no more question to discuss, —.
(j) Female education is a crying need for our country. It is a good sign that nowadays —.
5. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct form of verbs as per subject and context. .5×10=5
Once there (a) — (live) an idle king. He (b) — (not undergo) physical labour. As a result, he (c) — (get) bulky and could not move from one place to another. He (d) — (call) in a doctor. The doctor (e) — (be) clever and wise. He did not (f) — (prescribe) any medicine for the king. He asked the king to buy a club and (g) — (move) it in the air till his hands (h) — (get) moistened. The king started (i) — (follow) the prescription. Thus, the king (j) — (relieve) of his problem.
6. Read the text and change the sentences as directed.
(a) Pohela Baishakh is undoubtedly the most celebrated festival in Bangladesh. (Complex)
(b) It is the first day of the Bengali year when the city roads get so jam packed. (Simple)
(c) Almost everyone enjoys the day in his own way. (Passive)
(d) Although I do not like gathering, I enjoy the activities of this day. (Compound)
(e) It is one of the most interesting days of the year. (Positive)
7. Change the narrative style by using indirect speeches.
‘Where do you come from?’ I asked him. ‘From San Carlos,’ he said, and smiled. ‘1 was taking care of animals,’ ‘Oh,’ I said, not quite understanding. ‘Yes,’ he said, ‘I stayed, you see, taking care of animals. I was the last one to leave the town of San Carlos.’
8. Identify the unclear pronoun references in the following text. Where necessary rewrite the sentences so that all pronoun references are clear.
Women are nowadays as important as men in society. She constitutes nearly half of our total population. No nation can make real progress keeping half of it in the darkness. Without the uplift of women, it is not at all possible. Again without education, women cannot be uplifted. So, proper education should be given to her so that they can work hand in hand with them in all development programmes.
9. Read the following text and use modifiers in the blank spaces as directed.
Most of the people in (a) — (use possessive to pie-modify the noun) country do not know the importance of English. In fact, it is an (b) — (use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) language and we are living in a (c) — (pre-modify the noun) village. So, if you know English (d) — (post-modify the verb with an adverb), you can communicate with (e) — (use article to the noun phrase) rest of the world. It is surely an important element of your (f) — (use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) skill. Without the knowledge of English with proper understanding, you cannot complete (g) — (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) higher studies because most of the books are written in English in the process of higher education. Poor knowledge of English will also hamper your (h) — (use a noun adjective) development. In short, if you do not have a good command of English, you will suffer (i) — (post-modify the verb with prepositional phrase adverbial) of your life. So, don’t waste your time and try to learn English (j) — (post-modify the verb with an adverb) from today.
10. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following text.
Unemployment is a great problem in our country. (a) —, it is the burning question of the day. (b) — almost all the countries of the world suffer from the curse of unemployment problem. (c) — Bangladesh is the worst sufferer of this so called problem. (d) — nowhere in the world this problem is so acute as in our country. (e) — there are many reasons behind it. (f) — our country is industrially backward. (g) — our system of education fails to give a student an independent start of life. (h) — it has little provision for vocational training. (i) — our students and youth have false sense’ of dignity. (j) — they run after jobs blindly.
11. Read the following passage and then write the antonym or synonym of the words as directed below.
Democracy is the system of government which allows freedom of speech, religious and political opinion. It means fair and equal treatment for the citizens without social class division. In fact, in a democratic country people elect their representatives who work for the people. Free and fair election is the pre-condition for democracy. In a democratic country, people enjoy the rights of food, cloth, shelter, education, medical treatment and other facilities.
(a) allow (synonym); (b) freedom (synonym); (c) opinion (synonym); (d) fair (antonym); (e) equal antonym); (f) division (antonym); (g) elect (synonym); (h) system (synonym); (i) treatment synonym); (j) facility (synonym).
12. There are ten errors in the use of punctuation marks in the following text. Rewrite the text correcting the errors.
Student : May I come in Sir?
Principal : Yes come in.
Student : Good morning Sir.
Principal : Good morning how can I help you
Student : Sir we would like to arrange a study tour.
Principal : It’s a great idea Ill appreciate it. Submit an application to me so that I can take step in favour of you.
Student : Ok Sir, We will write an application on behalf of the students
Principal : Ok, see you.
Student : Thank you very much, Sir
Principal : You are most welcome.
Part-B : Composition
13. Write an application to the principal of your college for improving computer lab facilities.
14. Suppose, you are a reporter of a daily newspaper. Write a report for your newspaper on food adulteration/indiscriminate use of formalin in food/falling ill after taking poisonous food.
15. Write a paragraph on ‘Road Accident in Bangladesh’
16. Write a composition on ‘Climate Change’. Write at least 200 words but do not exceed 250 words.
(উত্তর প্রকাশ হবে পরের সংখ্যায়)