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ইংরেজি দ্বিতীয় পত্র Part-A এর দ্বিতীয় অংশ

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ইংরেজি দ্বিতীয় পত্র Part-A এর দ্বিতীয় অংশ

এইচএসসি পরীক্ষায় ইংরেজি নিয়ে ভয় দূর করতে আজ দ্বিতীয় পত্রের Part-A এর দ্বিতীয় অংশের ওপর আলোচনা করা হলো। বোর্ডের নিয়মে কিভাবে সহজে দ্রুত লেখা যায় তারই কৌশলগত দিকগুলো আলোচনা করা হয়েছে।

(৭ থেকে ১২ নম্বর পর্যন্ত ৬টি প্রশ্নের প্রত্যেকটির মান ৫ করে, এখানে মোট নম্বর ৩০)

7. Change the narrative style by using direct speeches.         

(Narration-এ Direct থেকে Indirect এবং Indirect থেকে Direct দুই ধরনেরই আসতে পারে। সুতরাং দুই ধরনেরই প্র্যাকটিস করতে হবে বাসায়)

Shafat said to Lucy, ‘Do you like democracy or socialism?’ ‘I like both democracy and socialism’, answered Lucy. ‘How is it that you like both the concepts? Please usually advocate either of the two,’ he said. ‘When I speak well of both, I count their good points which are in my opinion, necessary to the growth of mixed economy in a country,’ she argued.

Answer : Shafat asked Lucy if she (L) liked democracy or socialism. Lucy answered/ replied that she liked both decocracy and socialism. Shafat again asked Lucy how it was that she (L) liked both the concepts. He (S) requested her to usually advocate either of the two. Lucy answered that/ Lucy argued that when she spoke well of both, she counted their good points which were in her opinion, necessary to the growth of mixed economy in a country.

8. Identify the unclear pronoun references in the following paragraph. Where necessary, rewrite the sentences so that all pronoun references are clear.

At the Writing Centre, you can receive help on any writing assignment. It can make your writing stronger by discussing it with someone else. This will lead to a greater understanding of the proper mechanics and style expected in academic writing. This is an important part of the writing process and they spend a good deal of time making sure you understand the expectations of written assignments. Using it will definitely make your writing skills stronger and that will give you greater confidence for your next assignment.

উত্তর লেখার সময় পুরো passage answer-সহ তুলতে হবে এবং answer-গুলোর নিচে দাগ দিতে হবে। এখানে ৫টির বেশি উত্তর থাকতে পারে, বেশি উত্তর লিখলেও ৫টি সঠিক উত্তরই পরীক্ষক বেছে নেবেন এবং ৫টি সঠিক উত্তরের বাইরে যদি আরো কোনো উত্তর দিয়ে ভুল হয় তাহলেও এখানে negative marking নেই।

Answer : At the Writing Centre, you can receive help on any writing assignment. You can make your writing stronger by discussing it with someone else. The discussion will lead to a greater understanding of the proper mechanics and style expected in academic writing. This understanding is an important part of the writing process and the tutors spend a good deal of time making sure you understand the expectations of written assignments. Using the Writing Centre will definitely make your writing skills stronger, which will give you greater confidence for your next assignment.

9. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces.

I experienced a very interesting incident (a) —— (Post-modify the verb.) on my way to Dinajpur. My friend Tamalika (b) —— (Post-modify the noun with an appositive.) was driving. A cow was crossing the road but suddenly in the middle of the road it stopped and remained standing. In a minute Tamalika had to change her course but she didn’t have (c) —— (Pre-modify the noun.) time and space to do that. Tamalika tried to turn in the left when the cow too walked (d) —— (Post-modify the verb.) back a few steps. To save (e) —— (Use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun.) cow Tamalika had to move to the right. She lost her control and bumped the car with a (f) —— (Use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) tree. (g) —— (Use a participle phrase to pre-modify the verb.) Tamalika was shocked but she was (h) —— (Use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) happy. (i) —— (Use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb). She patted the (j) —— (Pre-modify the noun) cow and burst into laughter.

 

 

এই প্রশ্নের উত্তর করার সময় প্রথমে পুরোটা পড়ে উত্তর বের করার পর clue-গুলো পড়ে উত্তরের সঙ্গে মিলিয়ে নিলে ছাত্র-ছাত্রীদের সুবিধা হবে। এখানে শুধু উত্তর লিখলেই হবে।

Answer : (There could be many versions of correct answers. The answers given here should be taken only as examples.)

(a) last week (b) a famous athlete (c) enough (d) slowly (e) that (f) jackfruit (g) Seeing the damage in her new car (h) very happy (i) to save the cow (j) naughty.

10. Use appropriate sentence connectors in the blank spaces of the following passage.

We earned our independence in nine months. There were many reasons that made our victory easier. (a) —— we all were united at one point. (b) —— it was a question of our survival and dignity. (c) —— our freedom fighters were committed. They fought valiantly in the war fields. (d) —— we had huge international support. (e) —— the Pakistani soldiers didn’t have any noble reason before them. They were killers. They were not natives of this country. (f) —— they didn’t have sufficient ideas about the communication systems, weather, or people’s sentiment in this country. (g) —— they had two superpowers behind them. (h) ——, these superpowers could do very little directly for them. (i) —— only in nine months the Pakistani soldiers had to accept the worst defeat the world had ever experienced. (j) —— it can be said, the war of independence proved that no power can suppress the desire of the mass people.

 

 

এ ক্ষেত্রে অনেক ধরনের উত্তর হতে পারে। প্রথমে তোমরা প্যাসেজটা পড়ে বাংলা অর্থটা বোঝার চেষ্টা করো। মাথায় যে list of connectors-গুলো আছে তার অর্থ জেনে উত্তর লিখতে হবে। পুরো বাক্য না লিখে শুধু উত্তর লিখলেই হবে।

Answers : বিভিন্ন ধরনের উত্তরই এখানে হতে পারে। নিচের উত্তরগুলো উদাহরণস্বরূপ দেওয়া হলো।

(a) Firstly (b) Besides (c) Moreover (d) Not only that (e) On the other hand (f) Hence (g) True that (h) However (i) As a result (j) Finally

11. Read the passage and then write the antonym or synonym of the words as directed below.

My feet failed to find a suitable crevice and I fell. My hands burned red as I slid down the rough rope, and the coarse strip of leather wrapped around my waist, bit in hand. At the top of the cliff face, at the gateway to the Debra Damo Monastery, an Ethiopian Priest sat with his legs jammed up aganist either side of the rock-hewn entrance; wrapped around his mascular arms was the other end of the leather strap that had kept me from crashing down below. Further up still, in the piercing blue sky above the jagged mountain, vultures circled around the 6th century stone church.

(a) fail (antonym) (b) suitable (antonym) (c) crevice (synonym) (d) rough (antonym) (e) wrap (antonym) (f) gateway (synonym) (g) entrance (antonym) (h) strap (synonym) (i) piercing (synonym) (j) jagged (synonym)

antonym or synonym-এর ক্ষেত্রে parts of speech, verb, number, contextual meaning ঠিক রেখে উত্তর লিখতে হবে। উত্তর লেখার সঠিক নিয়ম নিম্নরূপ—

Answers : বিভিন্ন ধরনের উত্তরই এখানে হতে পারে। নিচের উত্তরগুলো উদাহরণস্বরূপ দেওয়া হলো।

12. There are ten errors in the use of punctuation marks in the following text. Rewrite the text correcting the errors. .5x10=5  

Marie : Youre really fit Paul. Do you exercise very much

Paul : Well I almost always get up early and I lift weight for an hour.

Marie : You’re kidding

Paul : No, then go swimming

Marie : Wow How often do you exercise like that?

Paul : About five times a week. What about you?

Marie : Oh I hardly ever exercise. I usually just watch TV in my free time. Often my mom says marie darling, dont be a potato couch.

 

Punctuation-এর ক্ষেত্রে ১০টির বেশি উত্তরও থাকতে পারে। পুরো passage correction-সহ তুলতে হবে। যতগুলো correction হয় সবই করা যাবে। Negative marking হবে না। উত্তরগুলো highlight  করতে হবে। নিচের উত্তর দেখে ধারণা নাও

Answer :

Marie : You’re really fit, Paul. Do you exercise very much?

Paul : Well, I almost always get up early and I lift weight for an hour.

Marie : You’re kidding!

Paul : No, Then go swimming.

Marie : Wow! How often do you exercise like that?

Paul : About five times a week. What about you?

Marie : Oh!  I hardly ever exercise. I usually just watch TV in my free time. Often my mom says, “Marie darling, don’t be a potato couch.”

(পরবর্তী সংখ্যায় Part-B (Writing test) নিয়ে আলোচনা করা হবে)

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