মুহম্মদ মাছুম বিল্লাহ, সাবেক অধ্যাপক, সিলেট, মির্জাপুর ও কুমিল্লা ক্যাডেট কলেজ এবং রাজউক উত্তরা মডেল কলেজ
১৮ ফেব্রুয়ারি, ২০১৭ ০০:০০
Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow :
Communication of ideas is at the centre of civilization. It needs written records. Most of our records in the modern age are on paper... [See full passage from textbook]
1. Fill in the gaps from following words.
Kept, Invented, Heavy Carried, Easy, Made, Changed, Upshot, Helped, Round, For
Communication centres (a) ¾ civilization which calls (b) ¾ written records. In this age these records are (c) ¾ on paper. It was very difficult to record thoughts and ideas when paper was not (d) ¾. People used to write their information and thoughts on (e) ¾ materials like stone, wood, bark, leaves etc. these materials could not be (f) ¾ easily. So, people looked for (g) ¾ writing materials. As an (h) ¾ of their search, they invented paper. Paper has (i) ¾ to spread knowledge. Paper has (j) ¾ our life.
Answers : (c) Kept, (d) Invented, (e) Heavy, (f) Carried, (g) Easy, (j) Changed, (h) Upshot, (i) Helped, (a) Round, (b) For
2. Answer the following questions.
(a) How did people transfer ideas before writing was invented?
Answer : People transferred ideas through speaking and listening before writing was invented.
(b) Why did people look for easy writing materials?
Answer : People looked for easy writing materials because they used surface of stone, metal, wood, bark, leaves for writing and those things were not easy to carry.
(c ) Why was knowledge very restricted in pre-paper age?
Answer : Knowledge was restricted in pre-paper age because there were very few books and they were written on stone or on heavy wood plunks or metal sheets.
(d) Do you think paper has changed our life? Explain why your answer is 'yes' or 'no'.
Answer : Yes, paper has changed our life because paper has made publication and the spread of knowledge and information easy.
(e) Where was paper invented and when?
Answer : Paper is invented in China in 105 AD.
(f) What was at the centre of civilization?
Answer : Communication of ideas is at the centre of civilization.
(g) What is more modern invention than writing?
Answer : Paper is more modern invention than writing.
(h) Why was it difficult to record thoughts?
Answer : It was difficult to record thoughts as writing material was not available.
(i) Where did people write? Which things did people use to writer their information and thoughts?
Answer : People used surface of stone, metal, wood, bark, leaves for writing.
(j) What is the benefit of our age?
Answer : In our age we can carry the entire world of knowledge in digital form in our laptop bag and even carry a huge volume of paper encyclopedia.
3. Fill in the gaps.
Written documents are (a) ¾ for communication. We (b) ¾ most of our record on paper. Writing was invented (c) ¾ than paper. Speaking and listening were the (d) ¾ of transferring ideas. The art of writing (e) ¾ them. But it was a difficult (f) ¾ to record thoughts in (g) ¾. It was (h) ¾ writing materials were not (i) ¾ then. People used to (j) ¾ their information and thoughts on the surface of stone, metal, wood, bark, leaves.
Answers : (a) necessary
(b) keep/preserve (c) earlier
(d) mediums (e) followed
(f) task (g) writing (h) because (i) available (j) write
4. Imagine, you are Abdur Rahman. You have known the history of the invention of paper. Now describe, the benefits of paper invention.
Answer : I am Abdur Rahman. I think we are enjoying a lot of benefits because of the invention of paper. In this age, most of our records are on paper. It was very difficult to record the information and human thoughts in writing in primitive period. People then used the surface of stone, metal, wood, bark, leaves. Those materials were heavy. So, people invented paper. Now we can write many books, publish newspapers and other information on paper.
5. Write a paragraph on this topic.
Writing was invented very early but paper is a more modern invention. People transferred their ideas through speaking and listening before the invention of writing. It was difficult to record thoughts in writing because writing materials were not easily available. So, people looked for easy writing materials and they invented paper in 105 AD. Now we can produce tones of heavy stone books and spread knowledge and information easily.
6. Imagine, Sakib is your classmate. Now write a dialogue between you and your classmate Sakib about the history of the invention of papers.
A dialogue between myself and my classmate Sakib :
Myself : I think we are lucky enough that we can get many books easily now-a-days because we can get paper easily, Sakib.
Sakib : You are right. Communication of ideas is at the centre of civilization which needs written documents but people found it difficult to record their thoughts and ideas. Can you tell me where did they write their thoughts and ideas?
Myself : Yes, they wrote on the surface of stone, metal, wood, bark and leaves.
Sakib : Do you think that these materials were easy to carry?
Myself : No, not at all.
Sakib : And so they looked for easy writing material.
Myself : Yes, and as a result of their search they invented paper.
Sakib : What was the year when they invented paper?
Myself : It 105 AD.
Sakib : In which country was paper invented?
Myself : It was invented in China.
Sakib : Thank you.
Myself : You are welcome.