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এইচএসসি : ইংরেজি দ্বিতীয় পত্র

Modifiers

মো: জাকারিয়া আলম, প্রভাষক ঢাকা রেসিডেনসিয়াল মডেল কলেজ মোহাম্মদপুর, ঢাকা   

৯ ফেব্রুয়ারি, ২০১৭ ০০:০০



1.         Sheikh Saadi, (a) — (Post modify the noun with an appositive), was simple in his ways of life. (b) — (Use quantifier to pre-modify the noun) day, at the invitation of the emperor, he set out for the emperor’s palace in an (c) — (Pre-modify the noun) dress. He took shelter in a courtier’s house (d) — (Post modify the verb with prepositional phrase). The courtier and his men did not show (e) — (Use determiner to pre modify the noun) honour and hospitality to him. On his way back home, Saadi again took shelter in the (f) — (Pre-modify the noun) courtier’s house. (g) — (Use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) time he put on a gorgeous dress. The courtier received him (h) — (Post modify the verb) and entertained him with rich foods. Now Saadi began to put his foods in the pockets of his dress. The courtier’s men were surprised (i) — (Use an infinitive phrase to post modify the verb). They asked him why he was putting the foods (j) — (Post modify the verb with prepositional phrase).

2.         Load-shedding, (a) — (Post modify the noun with an appositive), means intentional stopping of the supply of electricity in a (b) — (Use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) area for a certain period of time. It occurs when (c) — (Use article to pre-modify the noun) generation of power is less than the demand. Load shedding hampers our (d) — (Use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) household activities. Students cannot prepare (e) — (Use possessive to pre-modify the noun) lessons and idle away their time. Parents suffer (f) — (Post-modify the verb with an adverb) because of load shedding. In fact, load shedding hampers the smooth (g) — (Use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) development of a country. In order to solve the problem, we should try (h) — (Use an infinitive to post-modify the verb) more electricity through government and (i) — (Use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) initiatives. An all-out effort can solve (j) — (Use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) problem.

3.         A village doctor is a (a|) — (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) familiar person in the rural areas of Bangladesh. He is (b) —- (pre-modify the verb) known as a quack. A village doctor is not a (c) — (pre-modify the noun) doctor. He (d) — (pre-modify the verb) sits in a small dispensary in the morning and evening. He treats the patients (e) — (use a participle to post-modify the verb) small fees. A village doctor is not a (f) —- (pre-modify the noun) man. His chamber is (g) — (pre-modify the verb) furnished. He cannot supply costly medicines to the (h) — (pre-modify the noun) patients. In our country, the number of qualified doctors is (i) —- (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) few. So, a village doctor is a great friend to the (j) —- (pre-modify the noun) people.

4.         Nelson Mandela, (a) — (post-modify the noun with an appositive), is one of the greatest leaders of the world. During (b) — (use article to pre-modify the noun) time of Mandela, the Europeans were separated from the no-Europeans. It was a (c) — (use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) policy of racial segregation. The blacks were subjected to (d) — (use quantifier to pre-modify the noun) sorts of indignities. They were denied all basic (e) — (use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) rights. They were in fact aliens in (f) — (use possessive to pre-modify the noun phrase) own country. The blacks were also treated (g) — (use an adverb to post-modify the verb). Even dogs received a much better treatment than the blacks. The (h) — (use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) leader vowed to put an end to the inhuman practice. Unfortunately, (i) —- (use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) great man was thrown behind the prison bars. But the oppressive rulers could not break his sprit. All his life he struggled against apartheid. Eventually, the great leader fulfilled the goal of liberating (j) — (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) people.

5.         Water is a (a) — (pre-modify the noun) substance. It has no color of (b) — (possessive to pre-modify) own. The (c) — (determiner to pre-modify the noun) name of water is life. By drinking water, we can quench (d) — (possessive to pre-modify the noun) thirst. Thus we can survive on earth. But (e) — (pre-modify the noun) water is life killing. By drinking contaminated water, we suffer from diseases like diarrhoea, typhoid etc. We may (f) — (pre modify the verb) face (g) — (pre-modify the noun) death by drinking such type of water. We are responsible for (h) — (noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) pollution. Waste materials from mills and factories are thrown here and there. Farmers use fertilizers and insecticides in their land. During the rainy season, they are mixed with ponds and rivers. Besides, latrines (i) — (participle to post-modify the noun) on pons and rivers cause water pollution. (j) — (pre-modify the noun) awareness should be raised to stop water pollution.

 

Answers

1.         (a) an icon of peace/an African President;  (b) the (c) good/government (d) all

(e) human (f) their (g) badly/cruelly

(h) great (i) this (j) his

2.         (a) a great curse (b) the (c) the

(d) daily (e) their  (f) greatly

(g) progressive (h) to generate

(i) pragmatic (j) this 

3.         (a) very (b) mostly (c) registered/qualified

(d) regularly (e)  taking (f) rich/poor

(g) ill/well (h) poor (i) very

(j) village/rural

4.         (a) an icon of peace/an African President;  (b) the (c) good/government (d) all

(e)  human (f) their (g) badly/cruelly

(h) great (i) this;  (j) his 

5.         (a) golden (b) in the market

(c) to get an egg (d) greedy

(e) to get (f) quickly (g) to satisfy

(h) cutting the belly

(i) extremely/very  (j) bad

 

। ।

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