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এসএসসি প্রস্তুতি : ইংরেজি দ্বিতীয় পত্র

Modifiers

মো: জাকারিয়া আলম, প্রভাষক, ঢাকা রেসিডেনসিয়াল মডেল কলেজ, মোহাম্মদপুর, ঢাকা   

৭ ফেব্রুয়ারি, ২০১৭ ০০:০০



1. 21st February, (a) — (use an appositive to post-modify the noun), in our history is now observed as the International Mother Language Day all over the world. On this day, people of our country get up (b) — (post-modify the verb) in the morning remembering the memory of the martyrs. They walk (c) — (post-modify the verb) to the Sheed Minar. Most of them put on (d) — (pre-modify the noun) badges on their shoulder. They go to the Shaheed Minar (e) — (use a participle) the most cherished song “Amar vaiyer rokte rangano —” They pay homage and tribute to the memory of the martyrs. Offering the flowers, the pray for the (f) — (use a possessive to pre-modify the noun) souls. They also gather in mosques, temples and other (g) — (pre-modify the noun) institutions and pray for the salvation of the martyr’s (h) — (pre-modify the noun) soul. Different social and cultural organizations arrange (i) — (pre-modify the noun) programs on (j) — (use a demonstrative) day.

2. One day Robert Bruce, (a) — (post-modify the noun with appositive), was lying in the cave. He was thinking of (b) — (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) misfortune. He thought that he would not be able (c) — (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify, the verb). Suddenly, he saw a spider (d) — (post-modify the verb with a prepositional/an adverbial of place). The spider was trying to reach (e) — (use determiner to pre-modify the noun) ceiling of the cave. It almost got to the point (f) — (use quantifier to pre-modify the noun) times, but fell down at the last moment. It did not lose hope. It was trying (g) — (post-modify the verb with an adverbial). On the seventh attempt it reached the ceiling. Robert Bruce became very much amazed (h) — (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb) the success of the spider. He felt encouraged and came out of the cave and began to gather soldiers again. He remembered the small spider and prepared (i) — (post modify the verb with an adverb) for the battle. He fought hard with the English and (j) — (use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) time, he came out successful. Strong will and perseverance made Robert Bruce the king of Scotland again.

3. Bangladesh (a) — (Post-modify the noun with an appositive), has a huge population. Most people here live below the (b) — (Use noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) line and can’t therefore afford to educate (c) — (Use a possessive to pre-modify the noun) children. Many poor children either drop out of school after just a (d) — (Use a quantifier to pre-modify the noun) years or simply do not go to school at all. Despite this situation, we have far too many students (e) — (Use infinitive to post-modify the verb) compared to the number of institutions available. Bangladesh needs (f) — (Use a determiner to pre-modify the noun) schools, colleges and universities to provide for the (g) — (Pre-modify the noun with a present participle) number of students. But the government cannot fund the (h) — (Pre-modify the noun) number of educational institutions. At present every educational institution is over-crowded and class size is (i) — (Pre-modify the adjective) large. Students do not get a (j) — (Pre-modify the noun) education for lack of facilities.

4. A moonlit night, (a) —(post modify the noun with an appositive), is very charming and enjoyable. It presents an (b) — (Use an adjective to pre modify the noun) sight. On (c) — (Use article to pre modify the noun phrase) moonlit night, the moon looks like a disk of silver. The whole world shines (d) — (Use adverb to post modify the verb). People of (e) — (Use determiner to pre modify the noun) ages enjoy a moonlit night. They pass (f) — (Use possessive to pre modify the noun) time talking to each other. (g) — (modify the whole sentence with an adverb) (h) — (Use quantifier to pre modify the noun) people arrange picnic on the roof (i) — (Use an infinitive phrase to post modify the verb) the time. A moonlit night has (j) — (Use determiner to pre modify the noun) special significance for the poor.

5. Most of (a) — (use a possessive to pre-modify the noun) students cannot write out their examination papers fairly. As they cannot understand the questions (b) ——- (post-modify the verb), they often beat about the bush and cram the answers with irrelevant and unnecessary details. Sometimes they also fail to arrange their answer neatly, cleanly and systematically. Although the teacher suggests that their answer should be brief and precise, they (c) — (pre-modify the verb) lengthen them unnecessarily. Therefore, their (d) — (pre-modify the noun) answers generally become disgusting and unnecessary. Such answers always earn (e) — (pre-modify the noun) marks. In order to get expected marks, all you should do, is to understand the questions (f) — (post modify the verb) and answer them just to the point.  Don’t worry, if (g) — (use a possessive to pre-modify the noun) answers are fairly short. You should make your presentation neat and clean (h) — (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb). To answer the short comprehensive questions, you should not copy anything (i) — post-modify the verb) from the passage. Make your sentences (j) — (use an intensifier to pre-modifier the adjective) short and simple.

Answers
1. (a) a month of mourning (b) early
(c) barefooted d) black (e) singing
(f) martyrs (g) sanctified/religious
(h) departed (i) various (j) this
2. (a) the king of Scotland (b) his (c) to regain his lost kingdom (d) in the cave (e) the
(f) several (g) again and again/to reach the ceiling (h) to see (i) well/soon/completely (j) this  
3. (a) a small country (b) poverty (c) their
(d) few (e) to educate (f) more
(g) increasing (h) requisite (i) unusually
(j) standard
4. (a) the king of Scotland (b) his (c) to regain his lost kingdom (d) in the cave (e) the
(f) several  (g) again and again/to reach the ceiling (h) to see (i) well/soon/completely (j) this  
5. (a) our (b) properly (c) often
(d) long (e) poor (f) properly  
(g) your (h) to get good marks  
(i) directly (j) fairly 


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