kalerkantho


এইচএসসি : ইংরেজি দ্বিতীয় পত্র

Modifiers

মো. জাকারিয়া আলম, প্রভাষক, ঢাকা রেসিডেনসিয়াল মডেল কলেজ, মোহাম্মদপুর, ঢাকা   

২ ফেব্রুয়ারি, ২০১৭ ০০:০০



1. Nobel Prize is awarded for (a) — (pre-modify the noun) contributions to different fields. It is awarded in (b) — (pre-modify the noun) fields. It is the world’s most (c) — (pre-modify the noun) prize. If the recipients are more than one, the prize money is divided (d) — (post-modify the verb) among them. Alfred Nobel founded the Nobel Prize. He earned a lot of money (e) — (pot-modify the verb with a present participle phrase). For this (f) — (pre-modify the noun) invention he became famous. His name and fame spread (g) — (post-modify the verb). There is a Nobel committee (h) — (post-modify the noun with an infinitive) the right person for award. The winners of Nobel Prize are treated with (i) — (pre-modify the noun) respect. The world will always remember Alfred Nobel for his (j) — (pre-modify the noun) contribution.

2. Books are (a) — (pre-modify the adjective with an intensifier) essential for us. They help us (b) — (post-modify the verb with an infinitive) knowledge. (c) — (pre-modify the verb with a present participle) books, we can know everything. They show us the (d) — (pre-modify the noun) way. Books can be our (e) — (pre-modify the noun) friends. They help us (f) — (post modify the verb with an infinitive) our mind. They improve our (g) — (pre-modify the noun) power. They give us solace to our (h) — (pre-modify the noun|) mind. Besides reading (i) — (pre-modify the noun) books, students should read other books. If they read other books, they will be able to know everything (j) — (post modify the verb).

3. Once upon a time there lived (a) — (Use article to pre modify the noun phrase) generous and kindhearted king. But the people were not happy with (b) — (Use possessive to pre modify the noun) king, because the kind was too lazy and would not do (c) — (use determiner to pre modify the noun) work other than eating and sleeping. He spent days and weeks and months in (d) — (Use possessive to pre modify the noun phrase) bed either eating something or sleeping. He became (e) — (use an adverb to pre modify the adjective) inactive. The king became (f) — (use article to pre modify the noun) potato couch and the people started worrying about the king. (g) — (Use quantifier to pre modify the noun) day he realized that he could not even move his body. He became fat and his enemies made fun of him calling ‘fatty king’ or ‘bulky king’ etc. He invited (h) — (Use an adjective to pre modify the noun) doctors from (i) — (use determiner to pre modify the noun) parts of his country and offered them generous rewards (j) — (use an infinitive phrase to post modify the verb) him fit. Unfortunately, none could help the king regain his health and fitness.

4. Rabindranath Tagore was a (a) — (pre-modify the noun) poet of Bengali literature. He was born in a (b)——(pre-modify the noun) family at Jarasanko, Kolkata. He went to school(c) — (post modify the verb). He wrote his (d) — (pre modify the noun) verse at the age of eight. At the age of seventeen, he went to London (e) — (post modify the verb with infinitive) school there. He was put up in lodging house under the care of a (f) — (pre modify the noun) coach, Mr. Scott. He was lucky (g) —— (post modify the adjective with infinitive) an English family of Mr. Scott. He also visited the House of parliament (h) — (post modify the verb with an infinitive) Gladstone and John Bright’s debates on Irish rule. He wrote letters to Kolkata (i) — (post modify the verb with a present participle) English society. At this, his family thought that they might lose their son (j) — (post modify the verb). So, he was called back to Kolkata.

5. Macbeth was the General of Scotland. He fought (a) — (post modify the verb) and won the battle. While he was returning to the castle, he saw three witches (b) — (post modify the noun with a present participle) about him. He came (c) — (post modify the noun with an infinitive) from the witches that he would be the king of Scotland. He became (d) — (pre modify the adjective with an intensifier) ambitious. His wife also wanted Macbeth (e) — (post modify the verb with an infinitive) the king. She was a very (f) — (pre modify the noun) woman. So she began (g) — (post modify the verb with an infinitive) Macbeth. Then they both plotted to kill Duncan, (h) — (post modify the noun with an appositive). They planned (i) — (post modify the verb with an infinitive) Duncan when he would come to stay with them in their castle (j) — (pre-modify the verb with a present participle) a knife. Macbeth entered the room of Duncan and killed him.

 

Answers

1. (a) outstanding (b) six (c) prestigious ; (d) equally (e)  inventing dynamite (f) important (g) all over the world (h) to choose/to select (i) great (j) remarkable/significant

2. (a) very (b) to gain (c) reading (d) true (e)  best (f) to develop (g) thinking (h) disturbed (i) text (j) properly 

3. (a) very (b) to gain (c) reading (d) true (e)  best (f) to develop (g) thinking (h) disturbed (i) text (j) properly

4. (a) renowned/prominent/famous (b) noble/royal (c) early (d) first (e)  to attend (f) professional (g) enough to find (h) to listen to (i) admiring/praising/describing (j) forever 

5. (a) bravely/valiantly (b) talking (c) to learn (d) very (e)  to be (f) cunning/ambitious/greedy (g) to convince/to persuade (h) the king of Scotland (i) to kill (j) taking/carrying


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