1. Read the following text and answer the questions A & B.
The term 'diaspora' is used to refer to people who have left their homelands and settled in other parts of the world, either because they were forced to do so or because they wanted to leave on their own. The word is increasingly used for such people as a collective group and /or a community. The world has seen many diasporas but scholars have been studying the phenomenon with great interest only in recent decades.
Among the great diasporas of history is that of the Jewish people, who were forced to leave their lands in ancient times. The movement of Aryans from Central Europe to the Indian subcontinent thousands of years ago is also a noteworthy diaspora, although the causes of this diaspora are unclear. In twentieth century history, the Palestinian diaspora has attracted a lot of attention and been a cause of concern for world leaders because of the plight of Palestinians. There have been massive diasporas in Africa, too, over the centuries, either because of war or because of the ravages of nature. But the chief reason why the phenomenon of diaspora is attracting so much attention now is globalization.
A. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives. 1×5 = 5
(a) The scholars have been observing the diaspora in ___ .
(i) recent-decades (ii) 50 years ago (iii) coming decades (iv) modern age
(b) Which of the following has the closest meaning of the word phenomenon in line-4?
(i) philosophy (ii) result (iii) characteristics (iv) permanent
(c) What is the synonym of the "ravage"?
(i) create (ii) make (iiii) destroy (iv) dimension
(d) The Jewish settle to ___ .
(i) Africa (ii) Indian subcontinent (iii) Palestinians (iv) Europe
(e) What is the antonym of the world "massive"?
(i) immense (b) enormous (iii) basis (iv) tiny
B. Answer the following questions. 2×5 = 10
(i) What do you mean by diaspora?
(ii) What are some of the major diasporas of the past?
(iii) Why had Palestinians left their ancestral homeland?
(iv) Who are the diasporas in the Indian subcontinent?
(v) What has globalization to do with diaspora?
2. Read the following text and make a flow chart showing the perception of beauty. (No 1 has done for you). 2×5 = 10
Beauty is easy to appreciate but difficult to define. As we look around, we discover beauty in pleasurable objects and sights—in nature, in the laughter of children, in the kindness of strangers. But asked to define, we run into difficulties. Does beauty have an independent objective identity? Is it universal or is it dependent on our sense perceptions? Does it lie in the eye of the beholder? we ask ourselves. A further difficulty arises when beauty manifests itself not only by its presence, but by its absence as well. as when we are repulsed by ugliness and desire beauty. But then ugliness has as much a place in our lives as beauty or may be more—as when there is widespread hunger and injustice in a society. Philosophers have told us that beauty is an important part of life, but isn't ugliness a part of life too? And if art has beauty as an important ingredient, can it confine itself only to a projection of beauty? Can art ignore what is not beautiful?
3. Summarize the following poem. 10
All people dream, but not equally.
Those who dream by night in the dusty recesses of their mind,
Wake in the morning to find that it was vanity.
But the dreamers of the day are dangerous people,
For they dream their dreams with open eyes.
And make them come true.
1. A. Multiple choice
(a) ⇒ (i) recent decades; (b) ⇒ (iii) characteristics; (c) ⇒ (iii) destroy; (d) ⇒ (i) Africa; (e) ⇒ (iv) tiny.
(i) Diaspora means a group of people who have abandoned their homelands and settled in other parts of the world, either because of their being forced to do so or because of their own will.
(ii) Some of the major diasporas, according to the text, are Jews people, the Aryans, the Africans and the Palestinians.
(iii) The Palestinians having attracted a lot of attention and been a cause of concern for world leaders had left their ancestral homeland because of their untold plight.
(iv) The Aryans moving from Central Europe are the diasporas in the Indian sub-continent.
(v) Globalization can play a vital role in drawing so much attention of world people to the phenomenon of diaspora.
2. Rewriting in a different form (inferring information from the given text and presenting it in a flow chart)
All people on Earth usually dream though not equally. The people who dream at night in the pensive mood, treat the dream to be a total emptiness, while those who dream by day with their eyes keeping open, are dangerous because they prefer their dream to be materialized.। ।