মুহম্মদ মাছুম বিল্লাহ, সাবেক অধ্যাপক সিলেট, মির্জাপুর ও কুমিল্লা ক্যাডেট কলেজ এবং রাজউক উত্তরা মডেল কলেজ, ঢাকা
২৬ সেপ্টেম্বর, ২০১৬ ০০:০০
Read the passage carefully and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3.
The ethnic people in Bangladesh hold a very important place in the culture of the country. The majority of these people live in the Chittagong Hill Tracts. The others live in the regions of Mymensingh, Rajshahi and Sylhet. They live in forest areas, in the hills and in rural areas. They do Jhum cultivation. For this work they clear a piece of land in the forest, prepare it and sow seeds in it. They are mostly farmers. By religion they are Hindus, Christians or Buddhists. They speak their own mother tongues. Some of them are the Chakmas, the Marmans, the Tipperas and the Moorangs, who live in the Hill Tracts. The Santals live in Rajshahi. The Khasisas and the Monipuries live in Sylhet and the Hajangs and the Gaors in Mymensingh.
1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.
a. The ethnic people occupy a __ position in the culture of Bangladesh.
(i) negligible (ii) significant
(iii) ignore (iv) difficult
b. Their __ is recognized by our culture.
(i) important (ii) significant
(iii) importance (iv) greatness
c. Chittagong Hill Tracts __ majority of the ethnic people of Bangladesh.
(i) accommodate (ii) refuse
(iii) refuge (iv) hide
d. Mymensingh, Rajshahi and Sylhet also __ ethnic people.
(i) refuse (ii) refuge
(iii) see (iv) live
e. Which of the following statement tells the right thing?
(i) ethnic people live in towns
(ii) ethnic people live in cities
(iii) ethnic people live in urban areas
(iv) ethnic people live in the hills, villages and forest
f. Most of the ethnic people's occupation is __
(i) hunting (ii) fishing
(iii) farming (iv) driving
g. Jhum cultivation is done __
(i) on the plain land
(ii) on the peak of the hills
(iii) in the forest
(iv) in the valley
h. The ethnic people belong to __ religions.
(i) same (ii) no
(iii) several (iv) many
i. They have their own language __
(i) speaking (ii) speak (iii) use (iv) to speak
j. Which ethnic people live in Rajshahi?
(i) the Hajangs (ii) the Monipuries
(iii) the Garos (iv) the Santals
k. Sylhet is the __ place of the Khasias and the Monipuries.
(i) live (ii) lived (iii) living (iv) will live
l. Hill Tracts are the places where __
(i) all the ethnic people live
(ii) four kinds of ethnic people live
(iii) five kinds of ethnic people live
(iv) few ethnic people live
m. The names of __ religions have been mentioned here.
(i) three (ii) four
(iii) many (iv) two
n. What kind of ethnic people live in Mymensingh?
(i) the Marmans and the Santals
(ii) the Hajangs and the Moorangs
(iii) the Khasias and the Garos
(iv) the Garos and the Hajangs
o. The ethnic people of Bangladesh are the __ of Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity.
(i) following (ii) follow
(iii) worshipper (iv) followers
2. Answer the following questions in brief.
a. What is the status of the ethnic people in the culture of Bangladesh?
b. Which part of Bangladesh do most of the ethnic people live?
c. What other regions where ethnic people live beyond Chittagong Hill Tracts?
d. Which areas do the ethnic people live?
e. How do they do Jhum cultivation?
f. What do most of the ethnic people do? Or, What is the occupation of most of the ethnic people?
g. What religions do they belong to?
h. Which language do they use for their communication?
i. What ethnic people live in the Hill Tracts?
j. Which ethnic group does live in Rajshahi?
k. Where do the Khasias and the Monipuries live?
l. Which ethnic groups do live in Mymensingh?
m. What do the ethnic people cultivate?
n. Where do they cultivate Jhum?
o. What are the ethnic people mostly/ What do they do mostly?
3. Read the passage again and write a summary of it in around 50 words.
1. a-ii, b-iii, c-i, d-iii, e-iv , f-iii, g-iii, h-iii, i-iv, j-iv, k-iii, l-ii, m-I, n-iv, o-iv.
2. a. The ethnic people hold a very significant position in the culture of Bangladesh.
b. Most of the ethnic people live in the Chittagong Hill Tracts.
c. The ethnic people live in the regions of Mymensingh, Rajshahi and Sylhet beyond Chittagong Hill Tracts.
d. The ethnic people live in the forest areas in the hills and in rural areas.
e. For Jhum cultivation they clear a piece of land in the forest, prepare it and sow seeds in it.
f. Most of the ethnic people's occupation is farming.
g. They belong to Hinduism, Christianity and Buddhism.
h. They use their own mother language for communication.
i. The Chakmas, the Marmans, the Tipperas and the Moorangs live in the Hill Tracts.
j. The Santals live in Rajshahi.
k. The Khasias and the Monipuries live in Sylhet.
l. The Hajangs and the Garos live in Mymensingh.
m. The ethnic people cultivate Jhum.
n. They cultivate Jhum in the forest.
o. The ethnic people are mostly farmers.
3. The position of ethnic people in Bangladeshi culture is very significant. The majority of them live in the Chittagong Hill Tracts and others live in the regions of Mymensingh, Rajshahi and Sylhet. Most of their occupation is farming and they cultivate Jhum in the forest. They speak their own language.