1. Read the following passage and answer the questions A and B.
A most important truth, which we are apt to forget, is that a teacher can never truly teach unless he; is still learning himself. A lamp can never light another lamp unless it continues to burn its own flame. The teacher who has come to the end of his subject, who has no living traffic with his! knowledge, but merely repeats his lessons to his students, can only load their minds; he cannot quicken them.Truth not only must inform but inspire. If the inspiration dies out, and the information only accumulates, then truth loses its infinity. The greater part of our learning in the schools has been waste because, for most of our teachers, their subjects are like dead specimens of once living things, with which they have a learned acquaintance, but no communication of life and love.
A. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives. 1×5 = 5
(a) The word ‘apt’ mentioned in the very first line means.
(i) encouraged (ii) ready
(iii) suitable (iv) courageous
(b) A teacher can’t teach the students if he himself ¾
(i) learns (ii) does not learn
(iii) does not teach (iv) is found in imparting lessons
(c) What does the word ‘accumulate’ in the passage refer to?
(i) disperse (ii) expend
(iii) jumble (iv) gather
(d) Which of the following statements is true about truth?
(i) Truth inspires one. (ii) Truth is unnecessary.
(iii) Truth is not important. (iv) Truth should be ignored.
(e) What does the word ‘inform’ in the passage refer to?
(i) introduce (ii) observe
(iii) convey (iv) uniform
B. Answer the following questions. 2×5 = 10
(a) What are we apt to forget?
(b) ‘A lamp can never light another lamp unless it continues to burn its own flame’. Explain,
(c) Do you think that a teacher should have living traffic with his knowledge? Give reasons for your answer
(d) How does truth lose its infinity?
(e) Why has the greater part of our learning in the schools been waste?
2. Read the following text and make a flow chart showing the importance of Hakaluki Haor. (One is done for you). 10
The haor system provides a wide range of economic and non-economic benefits to the local people as well as to the people of Bangladesh. These include fish production, rice production, cattle and buffalo rearing, duck rearing, collection of reeds and grasses and collection of aquatic and other plants. The haor system also protects the lower flood plains from flash floods occurring in the months of April-May, maintains the supply of fish in other lower water bodies and provides habitat for migratory and local waterfowls
3. Summarize the following passage. 10
The term 'diaspora' is used to refer to people who have left their homelands and settled in other parts of the world, either because they were forced to do so or because they wanted to leave on their own. The word is increasingly used for such people as a collective group and/or a community. The world has seen many diasporas but scholars have been studying the phenomenon with great interest only in recent decades.
Among the great diasporas of history is that of the Jewish people, who were forced to leave their lands in ancient times. The movement of Aryans from Central Europe to the Indian subcontinent thousands of years ago is also a noteworthy diaspora, although the causes of this diaspora are unclear. In twentieth century history, the Palestinian diaspora has attracted a lot of attention and been a cause of concern for world leaders because of the plight of Palestinians. There have been massive diasporas in Africa, too, over the centuries, either because of war or because of the ravages of nature. But the chief reason why the phenomenon of diaspora is attracting so much attention now is globalization.
4. Fill in the blanks using suitable words from the box below. Make any grammatical change if necessary .5×10 = 5
Conflict can be defined as (a) ¾ of value and among other things, and the most serious form of conflict is (b) — clashes that results in lot of
(c) — and casualties. There can be conflict (d) — us, which is (e) ¾ intrapersonal conflict. The conflict between or (f) ¾ persons is called (g) ¾ conflict. Constraint of (h) ¾ resources is also a cause of conflict and it is known as (i) ¾ conflict. Conflict is a very natural phenomenon, but sometimes it takes (j) ___ forms.
5. Fill in the blanks using suitatfle words. 1×10 = 10
Hercules, the (a) ___ strongman, was born to Jupiter and Alcmenae. His cousin, Eurystheus, the King of Mycenae. (b) ___ him undergo some difficult tasks (c) ___ in Greek myths as the twelve labours of Heraules', The first he was (d) ___ with by Eurystheus was to slay a lion which was (e) ___ the valley of Nemea. Hercules was successful in his first (f) ___ . He killed the lion and carried its (g) ___ on his shoulders to the court of his cousin. This sight (h) ___ the king. The second task was to slay a nine-headed monster (i) ___ Hydra. He got (j) ___ in his second labour too.
6. Rearrange the following sentences to make a coherent order. 1×10 = 10
(a) When he woke up, he saw many tiny creatures like human beings who were smaller than Gulliver himself.
(b) Unfortunately, the ship was wrecked but he somehow managed to swim ashore.
(c) Gulliver was born in England.
(d) After swimming a long distance, he was very tired and so he slept a deep sleep.
(e) Leaying home far the sea one day, he took the job of a cabin boy in a ship.
(f) However, Gulliver did not like the idea at all.
(g) He boarded a commercial-ship heading to France.
(h) He wanted to be a sailor from his boyhood.
(i) But his father did not want that Gulliver should go to sea.
(j) His father wanted him to be a lawyer.
1. A. Multiple choice
(a) ⇒ (ii) suitable; (b) ⇒ (ii) does not learn; (c) ⇒ (iv) gather; (d) ⇒ (i) Truth inspires one; (e) ⇒ (iii) convey.
(a) We are very often apt to forget that a teacher is not able to teach well unless and until she/he keeps on still learning himself/herself.
(b) A lamp is compared to a teacher. A lamp which discontinues to keep on burning its own flame, is not in a position to light its surrounding lamps, just a teacher who stops learning himself cannot teach others well.
(c) Yes, I think that a teacher should have living traffic with his knowledge because it the teacher concludes his learning for himself and just repeats his lessons to his students, he can only load their minds, But they are deprived of real/proper education. A teacher should remember that learning is a continuous process.
(d) Truth not only informs but also inspires.Truth loses its infinity when more information is accumulated without inspiration.
(e) The grater part of our learning in the school has been waste because, for most of our teachers, their subjects are like dead specimens of once living things, with which they have a learned acquaintance, but no communication of life and love.
2. Rewriting in a different form (inferring information from the given text and presenting it in a flowchart
The term 'diaspora' refers to people who have left their homelands under coercion or on their own will. The diaspora of the Jewish people was among the great ones in history. The ancient and unclear movement of Aryans from Central Europe to Indian sub-continent is also a noteworthy one. In the twentieth century, the Palestinian diaspora caused a lot of concerns. Due to war or ravages of nature, there have been African diasporas too. But, it is now a burning question due to globalization.
4. Cloze test with clues
(a) clashes; (b) armed; (c) deaths; (d) within; (e) called; (f) among; (g) interpersonal; (h) natural (i) economic; (j) serious.
5. Cloze test without clues
(a) model of; (b) made; (c) known; (d) entrusted/endowed; (e) disturbing; (f) task (g) corpse (h) terrified/frightened; (i) named/celled; (j) success/victory.
(c) (h) (i) (j) (f) (e) (g) (b) — (d) (a)
Gulliver was born in England. He wanted to be a sailor from his boyhood. But his father did not want that Gulliver should go to sea. His father wanted him to be a lawyer. However, Gulliver did not like the idea at all. Leaving home for the sea one day, he took the job of a cabin boy in a ship. He boarded a commercial ship heading to France. Unfortunately, the ship was wrecked but he somehow managed to swim ashore. After swimming a long distance, he was very tired and so he slept a deep sleep. When he woke up, he saw many ‘tiny creatures like human beings who were smaller than Gulliver himself.। ।